3. Words and associative meaning
3.1 Words and connotative meaning
book: C: contain knowledge and wisdom for people, youth must learn
E: it express ideas for people to consider, to agree or disagree, and to comment
Sexy: C: connotes loose sex morality
E: it is a positive human quality
Old, young: C: young means inexperienced, and inconsistent. Old means mature, skilled and experienced.
E: young means flexible, vigorous, and creative. Old means traditional, senile, and useless.
Dog: C: is very pejorative.
E: it can even be considered as a family member.
Peasant: C: doesn’t have derogatory connotations.
E: it has derogatory
Landlord, capitalist, boss: C: are pejorative in Chinese
Comrade: C: connotes warmth, friendliness and equality
E: means spies of the Soviet Union
Ambitious, aggressive: C: it is pejorative
E: it is considered good qualities and both positive in meaning.
Self-made man: C: